You have a legal duty to help reduce any stress caused by work.
When considering the stress risks, the Health and Safety Executives (HSE, and HSENI in Northern Ireland) suggest that employers use a method based on a set of Management Standards. This will provide employers with a comprehensive risk assessment that will identify, investigate and deal with work-related stress.
The Management Standards define the characteristics of an organisation and cover the 6 primary sources of work-related stress. It's used to help identify the source of stress in an organisation's business culture.
The 6 primary sources of work-related stress are:
1. Demands — workloads, work patterns and the work environment
2. Control — how much say the person has in the way they do their work
3. Support — the encouragement, sponsorship and resources provided by the organisation, line management and colleagues
4. Relationships — promoting positive working to avoid conflict and dealing with unacceptable behaviour
5. Role — whether people understand their role within the organisation and whether the organisation ensures that they don't have conflicting roles
6. Change — how organisational change (large or small) is managed and communicated in the organisation
You need to consider how these 6 factors apply to your business operations. See '' on the HSE website for more information.
When you're deciding who may be harmed by the risks, you could:
The best approach will depend on the size and type of your organisation, and may be a combination of all 3 methods.
Although the risk assessment process takes a collective, proactive approach, individual differences and problems will exist. You therefore need to develop a rapport with staff through regular meetings and informal chats.
You should encourage your staff to raise concerns if they have any. Make sure they know where to go for help and ensure managers know what to do in order to help them.
You're not expected to risk assess your employees' jobs, as a job shouldn't itself be inherently stressful. It's how a worker interacts with their job that can result in stress. A job may be stressful for one person but not for another, so the key is matching the individual to the job.
See the HSE guide '' (PDF) for more information.