In England, Wales and Scotland, eligible employees will have the right to request time off work to undertake study and/or training where their employers employ 250 or more employees.
You will qualify for the right if you:
There are no restrictions on the type of training or studies that you can apply for, although you will need to demonstrate that it will improve your effectiveness at work and that it will also improve the performance of your employer's business.
There is also no limit on the amount of time or the amount of study or training that you can request. You can ask to undertake more than one piece of training in a single request for time to train.
The studies or training may be:
Subject to the terms of your employment contract, you will not have the right to be paid for the time spent whilst you are training and/or studying.
Your options may include working flexibly to make up the time or taking unpaid time off.
Your employer is not obliged to pay for the cost of the training/study course.
You should make your request in writing, ensuring that it is dated and states that it is being made under 'section 63D of the Employment Rights Act 1996'.
If you have previously submitted a request for study or training, your request must also provide the date when this last request was submitted and how it was delivered. You must also include the following details of the proposed study or training course:
Within 28 days of receiving your request, your employer should either:
Your employer must then notify you of their decision in writing within 14 days of the meeting.
You can only make an application once every 12 months to undertake study or training. However, your employer must ignore this requirement and allow you to make an additional request within the same 12-month period if, at the time of making the current request, you have notified them that you want to withdraw it because you:
You may withdraw your request, either orally or in writing, at any time before you have been notified of your employer's decision. If you make an oral request to withdraw, your employer must confirm it in writing to you.
If you withdraw your request, it will still count as a request for the purposes of calculating the number of requests within the previous 12-month period.
An employer may attempt to foresee circumstances which may require them to later withdraw an agreement, if your request is accepted. If your employer wants to make the agreement conditional on certain events occurring (or not occurring), this should be agreed with you and confirmed in writing.
An example may be that the training you have requested would be useful to undertake as it will improve part of the services that your employer is providing to a particular client. However, your employer might agree to the training on the condition that it still retains that client.
If you are eligible for the right to request time off to undertake study or training, it is important to note that this is a right to request, not necessarily a right to receive, time off work for study or training.
Your employer may refuse all or part of your request for time to study or undertake training on one or more of the following grounds:
If your request is accepted, your employer must write to you stating:
If only part of your request is accepted, your employer must write to you stating which part of the request is agreed and provide the same information in respect of the agreed part.
If, as a result of your discussions with your employer, an agreement is reached to meet your study or training request which is different (in whole or in part) to the details set out your request, then your employer must write to you confirming the details of the agreement. Your employer is also under an obligation to provide you with written evidence that you have agreed to the terms of the agreement. This will usually mean that your employer will write the details of the agreement by hand at your meeting and ask you to sign it, so that they have complied with their obligation.
If your request is refused, your employer must write to you identifying the statutory grounds for refusal, explaining why they think the grounds apply in the circumstances and, where applicable, confirm the internal appeal procedures.
If only part of your request is refused, your employer must write to you stating which part of the request is rejected and provide the same information in respect of the rejected part.
You can appeal against a refusal within 14 days of receipt of a rejection letter.
Within 14 days of receipt of your appeal letter, your employer must either notify you in writing that your appeal has been successful or hold a meeting with you to discuss the appeal.
Within 14 days of the appeal hearing, your employer must write to you informing you of the outcome of the appeal.
The timescales mentioned above can be extended by agreement.
If you appeal the decision, your employer may hold a meeting to discuss your appeal. You are entitled to be accompanied at such a meeting by a work colleague or a trade union representative who is currently employed by your employer.
The companion can address the meeting and confer with you during it, but may not answer questions independently of you.
The meeting should take place at a time and location that is convenient for you and your employer.
If your companion is unable to attend the meeting, you can request it to be rearranged at a mutually convenient time for all attendees, which should be no later than seven days after the date originally proposed for the meeting.
It is important that you attend any meetings that your employer arranges to discuss your appeal. Your employer is entitled to regard your request as withdrawn if you fail to attend a meeting to discuss your request or appeal on more than one occasion, without reasonable cause.
You may only make a complaint to an employment tribunal where either:
An employment tribunal does not have power to question your employer's business reasons for refusing a request, but it can examine the facts on which the business reason is based to see if they are correct. However, if you make a complaint jointly with other legislation, such as discrimination legislation, the employment tribunal may examine how the request was considered.
A successful complaint for failing to observe the statutory procedure or invalid reasons for refusal will result in a maximum award of 8 weeks' pay capped at the same maximum rate for unfair dismissal awards (currently £525 per week).
There is a separate award of up to two weeks' pay if your employer did not allow you to be accompanied at a meeting.
You must inform your employer in writing if you: